Night shift work is associated with an increased risk of asthma

Robert J Maidstone, James Turner, Celine Vetter, Hassan S Dashti, Richa Saxena, Frank A J L Scheer, Steven A Shea, Simon D Kyle, Deborah A Lawlor, Andrew S I Loudon, John F Blaikley, Martin K Rutter, David W Ray, Hannah Jane Durrington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Shift work causes misalignment between internal circadian time and the external light/dark cycle and is associated with metabolic disorders and cancer. Approximately 20% of the working population in industrialised countries work permanent or rotating night shifts, exposing this large population to the risk of circadian misalignment-driven disease. Analysis of the impact of shift work on chronic inflammatory diseases is lacking. We investigated the association between shift work and asthma.

METHODS: We describe the cross-sectional relationship between shift work and prevalent asthma in >280000 UK Biobank participants, making adjustments for major confounding factors (smoking history, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, physical activity, body mass index). We also investigated chronotype.

RESULTS: Compared with day workers, 'permanent' night shift workers had a higher likelihood of moderate-severe asthma (OR 1.36 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.8)) and all asthma (OR 1.23 (95% CI 1.03 to 1.46)). Individuals doing any type of shift work had higher adjusted odds of wheeze/whistling in the chest. Shift workers who never or rarely worked on nights and people working permanent nights had a higher adjusted likelihood of having reduced lung function (FEV1 <80% predicted). We found an increase in the risk of moderate-severe asthma in morning chronotypes working irregular shifts, including nights (OR 1.55 (95% CI 1.06 to 2.27)).

CONCLUSIONS: The public health implications of these findings are far-reaching due to the high prevalence and co-occurrence of both asthma and shift work. Future longitudinal follow-up studies are needed to determine if modifying shift work schedules to take into account chronotype might present a public health measure to reduce the risk of developing inflammatory diseases such as asthma.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThorax
Early online date16 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.

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