Nitric oxide-donating aspirin (NCX 4016) inhibits neointimal thickening in a pig model of saphenous vein-carotid artery interposition grafting: a comparison with aspirin and morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1)

S Wan, N Shukla, G Angelini, AP Yim, JL Johnson, JY Jeremy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. OBJECTIVE: Despite its proven value in reducing thrombotic complications in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery, aspirin does not reduce the incidence of late vein graft failure. It was suggested, therefore, that co-administration of nitric oxide with aspirin may compensate for these limitations. A drug class that fulfills this pharmacologic criterion is nitric oxide-donating aspirin (NCX 4016). METHODS: The effect of administration of the aspirin-nitric oxide adduct, NCX 4016, compared with those of aspirin alone and the nitric oxide donor, morpholinosydnonimine, alone (once daily for 1 month) on thickening of saphenous vein-carotid artery interposition grafts was investigated. RESULTS: NCX 4016, at 10 mg, 30 mg, and 60 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), inhibited neointimal thickness and area in porcine vein grafts. Aspirin alone (60 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) and morpholinosydnonimine alone (1 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)), also inhibited neointimal thickness and neointimal area, although they were less potent than NCX 4016. At 30 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1), aspirin had no effect. Compared with untreated controls, NCX 4016 had little effect on medial thickness or area at 10 mg/kg or 30 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) but had a significant effect at 60 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1). Aspirin alone and morpholinosydnonimine alone also inhibited medial thickness and area. NCX 4016 at 60 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) and aspirin at 60 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) increased luminal area. CONCLUSIONS: The range of properties displayed by NCX 4016 (inhibition of neointima formation, gastroprotection, antithrombotic and antiatherogenic effects) renders them potentially useful in treating both early and late vein graft failure and indicates that a clinical study on this novel drug class in patients undergoing coronary bypass grafting is warranted.
Translated title of the contributionNitric oxide-donating aspirin (NCX 4016) inhibits neointimal thickening in a pig model of saphenous vein-carotid artery interposition grafting: a comparison with aspirin and morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1033 - 1039
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume134(4)
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

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