Skip to content

Nitrogen in Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A-AX
Number of pages50
JournalChemical Reviews
Early online date12 Feb 2020
DateAccepted/In press - 17 Jan 2020
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 12 Feb 2020


Nitrogen is ubiquitous in both natural and laboratory-grown diamond, but the number and nature of the nitrogen-containing defects can have a profound effect on the diamond material and its properties. An ever-growing fraction of the supply of diamond appearing on the world market is now lab-grown. Here, we survey recent progress in two complementary diamond synthesis methods – high pressure high temperature (HPHT) growth and chemical vapour deposition (CVD), how each is allowing ever more precise control of nitrogen incorporation in the resulting diamond, and how the diamond produced by either method can be further processed (e.g. by implantation and/or annealing) to achieve a particular outcome or property. The burgeoning availability of diamond samples grown under well-defined conditions has also enabled huge advances in the characterization and understanding of nitrogen-containing defects in diamond – alone, and in association with vacancies, hydrogen and transition metal atoms. Amongst these, the negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect in diamond is attracting particular current interest on account of the many new and exciting opportunities it offers for, e.g., quantum technologies, nanoscale magnetometry and biosensing.



  • Full-text PDF (author’s accepted manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via American Chemical Society at . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 3.47 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 12/02/21

    Request copy


View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups