No relationship found between Female Genital Cutting and Intimate Partner Violence across six sub-Saharan African countries

Janet A D Howard*, Mhairi A Gibson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Female genital cutting (FGC) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are highly prevalent forms of violence against women, and the UN has encouraged strengthening policy linkages between FGC and IPV programme work (UN Women, 2017a). However few studies have examined the relationship between these behaviours. This study addresses two research gaps identified by the UN; a) whether women with FGC are more likely to experience physical or sexual IPV, and b) whether women’s IPV experiences are associated with their support for FGC. Multilevel multivariate logistic regression models were run using Demographic and Health Survey data from 6 sub-Saharan African countries (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Ivory Coast, Kenya and Nigeria, n33,170). Our results show no association between FGC and IPV. Women with FGC are not at greater risk of experiencing IPV, and women who experienced IPV in the preceding year are not more likely to support FGC. Further, the importance of individual and community factors differ; IPV experience is influenced by individual factors, whereas FGC support is more influenced by ethnic group characteristics. Although the proposition that FGC and IPV could be tackled collaboratively is attractive for policy makers, these results are important because they indicate that eradication programmes will be more effective when targeted at specific behaviours.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGlobal Public Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 22 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • domestic violence
  • sustaintable devlopment goals
  • VAWG
  • polyvictimisation
  • sustainable development goals

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