TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-Abelian Anyons on Graphs from Presentations of Graph Braid Groups

AU - Maciazek, Tomasz

N1 - Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Quantum Chaos and Localisation Phenomena, May 24–26, 2019, Warsaw, Poland

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - The aim of this paper is to analyse algorithms for constructing presentations of graph braid groups from the point of view of anyonic quantum statistics on graphs. In the first part of this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of an algorithm for constructing so-called minimal Morse presentations of graph braid groups that relies on discrete Morse theory. Next, we introduce the notion of a physical presentation of a graph braid group as a presentation whose generators have a direct interpretation as particle exchanges. We show how to derive a physical presentation of a graph braid group from its minimal Morse presentation. In the second part of the paper, we study unitary representations of graph braid groups that are constructed from their presentations. We point out that algebraic objects called moduli spaces of flat bundles encode all unitary representations of graph braid groups. For 2-connected graphs, we conclude the stabilisation of moduli spaces of flat bundles over graph configuration spaces for large numbers of particles. Moreover, we set out a framework for studying locally abelian anyons on graphs whose non-abelian properties are only encoded in non-abelian topological phases assigned to cycles of the considered graph.

AB - The aim of this paper is to analyse algorithms for constructing presentations of graph braid groups from the point of view of anyonic quantum statistics on graphs. In the first part of this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of an algorithm for constructing so-called minimal Morse presentations of graph braid groups that relies on discrete Morse theory. Next, we introduce the notion of a physical presentation of a graph braid group as a presentation whose generators have a direct interpretation as particle exchanges. We show how to derive a physical presentation of a graph braid group from its minimal Morse presentation. In the second part of the paper, we study unitary representations of graph braid groups that are constructed from their presentations. We point out that algebraic objects called moduli spaces of flat bundles encode all unitary representations of graph braid groups. For 2-connected graphs, we conclude the stabilisation of moduli spaces of flat bundles over graph configuration spaces for large numbers of particles. Moreover, we set out a framework for studying locally abelian anyons on graphs whose non-abelian properties are only encoded in non-abelian topological phases assigned to cycles of the considered graph.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.12693/aphyspola.136.824

U2 - 10.12693/aphyspola.136.824

DO - 10.12693/aphyspola.136.824

M3 - Article (Academic Journal)

VL - 136

SP - 824

EP - 833

JO - Acta Physica Polonica A

JF - Acta Physica Polonica A

SN - 0587-4246

IS - 5

ER -