Non-penal Substitution

OD Crisp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


McLeod Campbell is synonymous with the doctrine of atonement known as vicarious penitence, according to which Christ atones for human sin by repenting on behalf of fallen human beings. This understanding of Christ's work has been very influential, but not always clearly understood. In this article I set out a version of this doctrine, called non-penal substitution, drawing on the work of Jonathan Edwards, the original inspiration for Campbell's work. This version of non-penal substitution is able to overcome several difficulties for the Campbellian version of the doctrine and offers an intriguing and original way of conceiving the work of Christ that, unlike Campbell's account, does not require revisions to the doctrine of God.
Translated title of the contributionNon-penal Substitution
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415 - 433
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic Theology
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


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