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Non pharmacological interventions for adult ADHD: systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalPsychological Medicine
Early online date10 Feb 2020
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 7 Jan 2020
DateE-pub ahead of print (current) - 10 Feb 2020

Abstract

Background
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common developmental disorder, often persisting into adulthood. Whilst medication is first-line treatment for ADHD, there is a need for evidence-based non-pharmacological treatment options for adults with ADHD who are either still experiencing significant symptoms or for those who have made the informed choice not to start medication.

Methods
We systematically searched PsycINFO, MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE, CINAHL and CENTRAL for randomised controlled trials of non-pharmacological treatments for ADHD in adults. After screening of titles and abstracts, full text articles were reviewed, data extracted and bias assessed using a study proforma.

Results
There were 32 eligible studies with the largest number of studies assessing cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). CBT consisted of either group, internet or individual therapy.

Conclusions
The majority found an improvement in ADHD symptoms with CBT treatment. Additionally, mindfulness and cognitive remediation have evidence as effective interventions for the core symptoms of ADHD and there is evidence for the use of group dialectical behavioural therapy and hypnotherapy. However, evidence for these is weaker due to small numbers of participants and limitations due to the lack of suitable control conditions, and a high risk of bias.

    Research areas

  • ADHD, adults, non-pharmacological therapy, randomised controlled-trials, systematic review

    Structured keywords

  • Physical and Mental Health

Documents

Documents

  • Full-text PDF (author’s accepted manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Cambridge University Press at https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/nonpharmacological-interventions-for-adult-adhd-a-systematic-review/538F70FB89C5B687F4A75E7431E63B38 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 555 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 10/08/20

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