Nonadiabatic molecular dynamics based on trajectories

Felipe Franco De Carvalho, Marine E F Bouduban, Basile F E Curchod, Ivano Tavernelli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Performing molecular dynamics in electronically excited states requires the inclusion of nonadiabatic effects to properly describe phenomena beyond the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. This article provides a survey of selected nonadiabatic methods based on quantum or classical trajectories. Among these techniques, trajectory surface hopping constitutes an interesting compromise between accuracy and efficiency for the simulation of medium- to large-scale molecular systems. This approach is, however, based on non-rigorous approximations that could compromise, in some cases, the correct description of the nonadiabatic effects under consideration and hamper a systematic improvement of the theory. With the help of an in principle exact description of nonadiabatic dynamics based on Bohmian quantum trajectories, we will investigate the origin of the main approximations in trajectory surface hopping and illustrate some of the limits of this approach by means of a few simple examples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-85
Number of pages24
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


  • Bohmian dynamics
  • Born-Oppenheimer approximation
  • Ehrenfest dynamics
  • Nonadiabatic dynamics
  • Trajectory surface hopping

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