Nonvolatile Reconfigurable Phase-Change Metadevices for Beam Steering in the Near Infrared

Carlota Ruiz de Galarreta, Arseny M. Alexeev, Yat Yin Au, Martin Lopez-Garcia, Maciej Klemm, Martin Cryan, Jacopo Bertolotti, C. David Wright*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

75 Citations (Scopus)
295 Downloads (Pure)


The development of flat, compact beam-steering devices with no bulky moving parts is opening up a new route to a variety of exciting applications, such as LIDAR scanning systems for autonomous vehicles, robotics and sensing, free-space, and even surface wave optical signal coupling. In this paper, the design, fabrication and characterization of innovative, nonvolatile, and reconfigurable beam-steering metadevices enabled by a combination of optical metasurfaces and chalcogenide phase-change materials is reported. The metadevices reflect an incident optical beam in a mirror-like fashion when the phase-change layer is in the crystalline state, but reflect anomalously at predesigned angles when the phase-change layer is switched into its amorphous state. Experimental angle-resolved spectrometry measurements verify that fabricated devices perform as designed, with high efficiencies, up to 40%, when operating at 1550 nm. Laser-induced crystallization and reamorphization experiments confirm reversible switching of the device. It is believed that reconfigurable phase-change-based beam-steering and beam-shaping metadevices, such as those reported here, can offer real applications advantages, such as high efficiency, compactness, fast switching times and, due to the nonvolatile nature of chalcogenide phase-change materials, low power consumption.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number10
Early online date5 Jan 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jan 2018


  • Beam steering
  • Phase-change materials
  • Phased arrays
  • Photonic metadevices
  • Plasmonic metasurfaces
  • Reflectarrays

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  • Projects

    Chalcogenide Photonic Technologies

    Rarity, J. G.


    Project: Research

    C-DIP Fellowship Fund

    Morris, K. A.


    Project: Research

    Cite this

    de Galarreta, C. R., Alexeev, A. M., Au, Y. Y., Lopez-Garcia, M., Klemm, M., Cryan, M., Bertolotti, J., & Wright, C. D. (2018). Nonvolatile Reconfigurable Phase-Change Metadevices for Beam Steering in the Near Infrared. Advanced Functional Materials, 28(10).