The evolutionarily conserved kelch-repeat protein muskelin was identifi ed as an intracellular mediator of cell spreading. We discovered that its morphological activity is controlled by association with RanBP9/RanBPM, a protein involved in transmembrane signaling and a conserved intracellular protein complex. By subcellular fractionation, endogenous muskelin is present in both the nucleus and the cytosol. Muskelin subcellular localization is coregulated by its C terminus, which provides a cytoplasmic restraint and also controls the interaction of muskelin with RanBP9, and its atypical lissencephaly-1 homology motif, which has a nuclear localization activity which is regulated by the status of the C terminus. Transient or stable short interfering RNA – based knockdown of muskelin resulted in protrusive cell morphologies with enlarged cell perimeters. Morphology was specifi cally restored by complementary DNAs encoding forms of muskelin with full activity of the C terminus for cytoplasmic localization and RanBP9 binding. Knockdown of RanBP9 resulted in equivalent morphological alterations. These novel fi ndings identify a role for muskelin – RanBP9 complex in pathways that integrate cell morphology regulation and nucleocytoplasmic communication.
|Translated title of the contribution||Novel role of the muskelin-RanBP9 complex as a nucleocytoplasmic mediator of cell morphology regulation|
|Pages (from-to)||727 - 739|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of Cell Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2008|