Novel Stacked Folded Cores for Blast-Resistant Sandwich Panels

Mark Schenk, Simon D Guest, Graham J McShane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)


Recent research has established the effectiveness of sandwich structures with metallic cellular cores for blast mitigation. The choice of core architecture can enhance sandwich performance, dissipating energy through plastic core compression and exploiting fluid-structure interaction effects to reduce the momentum imparted to the structure by the blast. In this paper we describe the first analysis of a novel sandwich core concept for blast mitigation: the Stacked Folded Core. The core consists of an alternating stacked sequence of folded sheets in the Miura (double-corrugated) pattern, with the stack oriented such that the folding kinematics define the out-of plane compressive strength of the core. It offers a number of distinct characteristics compared to existing cellular cores. (i) The kinematics of collapse of the core by a distinctive folding mechanism give it unique mechanical properties, including strong anisotropy. (ii) The fold pattern and stacking arrangement is extremely versatile, offering exceptional freedom to tailor the mechanical properties of the core. This includes freedom to grade the core properties through progressive changes in the fold pattern. (iii) Continuous manufacturing processes have been established for the Miura folded sheets which make up the core. The design is therefore potentially more straightforward and economical to manufacture than other metallic cellular materials. In this first investigation of the Stacked Folded Core, finite element analysis is used to investigate its characteristics under both quasi-static and dynamic loading. A dynamic analysis of an impulsively loaded sandwich beam with a stacked folded core reveals the versatility of the concept for blast mitigation. By altering the fold pattern alone, the durations of key phases of the dynamic sandwich response (core compression, beam bending) can be controlled. By altering both fold pattern and sheet thickness in the core, the same is achieved without altering the density of the core or the mass distribution of the sandwich beam.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4196–4212
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number25-26
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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