Visualization of high-dimensional data has always been a challenging task. Here we discuss and propose variants of non-linear data projection methods (Generative Topographic Mapping (GTM) and GTM with simultaneous feature saliency (GTM-FS)) that are adapted to be effective on very high-dimensional data. The adaptations use log space values at certain steps of the Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm and during the visualization process. We have tested the proposed algorithms by visualizing electrostatic potential data for Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class-I proteins. The experiments show that the variation in the original version of GTM and GTM-FS worked successfully with data of more than 2000 dimensions and we compare the results with other linear/nonlinear projection methods: Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Neuroscale (NSC) and Gaussian Process Latent Variable Model (GPLVM).
|Title of host publication||2012 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology (CIBCB)|
|Place of Publication||United States|
|Publisher||IEEE Computer Society|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|