NT-proBNP is associated with coronary heart disease risk in healthy older women but fails to enhance prediction beyond established risk factors: Results from the British Women's Heart and Health Study

N Sattar, P Welsh, N Sarwar, J Danesh, E Di Angelantonio, V Gudnason, G Davey Smith, S Ebrahim, D Lawlor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective Limited evidence suggests NT-proBNP improves prediction of coronary heart disease (CHD) events but further data are needed, especially in people without pre-existing CHD and in women. Methods We measured NT-proBNP in serum from 162 women with incident CHD events and 1226 controls (60–79 years) in a case–control study nested within the prospective British Women's Heart and Health Study. All cases and controls were free from CHD at baseline. We related NT-proBNP to CHD event risk, and determined to what extent NT-proBNP enhanced CHD risk prediction beyond established risk factors. Results The odds ratio for CHD per 1 standard deviation increase in loge NT-proBNP was 1.37 (95% CI: 1.13–1.68) in analyses adjusted for established CHD risk factors, social class, CRP and insulin. However, addition of loge NT-proBNP did not improve the discrimination of a prediction model including age, social class, smoking, physical activity, lipids, fasting glucose, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, statin and aspirin use, nor a standard Framingham risk score model; area under the receiver operator curve for the former model increased from 0.676 to 0.687 on inclusion of NT-proBNP (p = 0.3). Furthermore, adding NT-proBNP did not improve calibration of a prediction model containing established risk factors, nor did inclusion more appropriately re-classify participants in relation to their final outcome. Findings were similar (independent associations, but no prediction improvement) for fasting insulin and CRP. Conclusion These results caution against use of NT-proBNP for CHD risk prediction in healthy women and suggest a need for larger studies in both genders to resolve outstanding uncertainties. Keywords: Coronary heart disease; Risk factors; Women; Epidemiology; NT-proBNP; Natriuretic peptides
Translated title of the contributionNT-proBNP is associated with coronary heart disease risk in healthy older women but fails to enhance prediction beyond established risk factors: Results from the British Women's Heart and Health Study
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296 - 299
Number of pages3
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume209
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

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