Numerical simulation of transverse compression and densification of wood

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Densification is commonly adopted to increase the mechanical performance of wood, but research on the micromechanical behaviour of the material during transverse compression is limited. Robust numerical models will enable better predictions of the performance of wood during compression and optimise the manufacturing process of densified wood minimising experimentation. The densification stress–strain response of wood after chemical treatment is reported via numerical simulations. A 3D finite element model of wood microstructure is studied under transverse compression using ABAQUS/Explicit software. A lower cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin content in the chemically treated wood is considered in the material parameters of the cell wall, and an ideal elastoplastic material model is used to represent the nonlinear stress–strain response. Parametric studies regarding the cell wall thickness, yield stress and chemical treatment are also considered. The numerical predictions agree well with microscopy studies of densified wood, and the nominal stress–strain curve obtained is similar to experimental findings under transverse compression as found in the literature. The cell wall thickness and yield stress are found to significantly affect the compressive stress–strain response of wood.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1027
Number of pages21
JournalWood Science and Technology
Issue number4
Early online date27 May 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 May 2022

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