Nutritional Competence in Chronic Dialysis Patients Prior to Death

Xiaoling Ye, Stephan Thijssen, Jochen Raimann, Bernard Canaud, Daniele Marcelli, Aileen Grassmann, Christina Marelli, Adrian Guinsburg, Xiaoqi Xu, Albert Power, Neill Duncan, Jeroen Kooman, Frank van der Sande, Len A Usvyat, Peter Kotanko

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference Posterpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Nutritional status is a strong predictor of outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients and warrants monitoring in this vulnerable population. Thijssen et al. have recently reported an aggregate nutritional score comprising 5 readily available nutritional parameters, and have described its relationship to intercurrent events (HD initiation and hospitalization). The aim of this study was to explore the trajectories of this score prior to death in HD patients from different geographical regions.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on a subset of data from the international MONitoring Dialysis Outcomes (MONDO) initiative . HD patients treated in Europe, Asia, and North America who died between 01/01/2006 and 12/31/2010 were included. The nutritional score was calculated monthly for 12 months preceding death (subject to data availability), using the monthly averages of serum albumin, creatinine, phosphate, enPCR, and IDWG as per Thijssen et al. [CJASN 2015], and expressed as a percentile value. Trajectories of the nutritional score before death were examined by construction of a penalized B-spline function.
RESULTS: We included data from 2,210 HD patients (Asia Pacific 122, Europe 511, and North America 1,577). The nutritional score showed a marked decline over the 12 months before death (Fig. 1A). Analysis by continent revealed materially identical trends in all three regions [Fig. 1B].
CONCLUSIONS: The observed decline in nutritional status before death (as captured by the 5 domains in this nutritional score) is in line with previous findings that several key clinical and laboratory parameters change characteristically over several weeks to months before death in HD patients [ref]. Similar trajectories across regions suggest that fundamental biological processes rather than demographics or practice patterns are driving these changes. These insights may be useful for identifying patients at increased risk of death and, in the case of the nutritional domain, possibly for allocation of nutritional interventions. Utility for these applications has to be demonstrated in subsequent trials.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2016
EventERA-EDTA 53rd Annual Congress - Vienna, Austria
Duration: 21 May 201624 May 2016

Conference

ConferenceERA-EDTA 53rd Annual Congress
CountryAustria
CityVienna
Period21/05/1624/05/16

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Nutritional Competence in Chronic Dialysis Patients Prior to Death'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this