Obtaining spectrum matching time series using a reweighted volterra series algorithm (RVSA)

Nicholas A Alexander, Andrew A Chanerley, Adam J Crewe, Suby Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we introduce a novel algorithm for morphing any accelerogram into a spectrum matching one. First, the seed time series is re-expressed as a discrete Volterra series. The first-order Volterra kernel is estimated by amultilevel wavelet decomposition using the stationary wavelet transform. Second, the higher-order Volterra kernels are estimated using a complete multinomial mixing of the first-order kernel functions. Finally, the weighting of every term in this Volterra series is optimally adapted using a Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm such that the modified time series matches any target response spectrum. Comparisons are made using the SeismoMatch algorithm, and this reweighted Volterra series algorithm is demonstrated to be considerably more robust,matching the target spectrum more faithfully. This is achievedwhile qualitatively maintaining the original signal's nonstationary statistics, such as general envelope, time location of large pulses, and variation of frequency content with time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1663-1673
Number of pages11
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


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