We conducted a single-center analysis on short-term outcomes and long-term survival in actively treated diabetic patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass versus on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.Methods
The final population consisted of 2450 patients with actively treated diabetes (mean age, 66 ± 9 years; female/male 545/1905, 22%). Of those, 1493 subjects were orally treated and 1011 subjects were taking insulin. Off-pump coronary artery bypass and on-pump coronary artery bypass were performed in 1253 and 1197 patients, respectively. Propensity score matching was used to compare the 2 matched groups.Results
When compared with on-pump coronary artery bypass, off-pump coronary artery bypass was associated with a significant risk reduction for postoperative cerebrovascular accident (odds ratio, 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25-0.99; P = .04), need for postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (odds ratio, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.30-0.77; P = .002), and reexploration for bleeding (odds ratio, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.33-0.94; P = .02). Off-pump coronary artery bypass did not significantly affect early (hazard ratio [HR], 1.32; 95% CI, 0.73-2.40; P = .36) and late (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.92-1.28; P = .32) mortality. However, off-pump coronary artery bypass with incomplete revascularization was associated with reduced survival when compared with off-pump coronary artery bypass with complete revascularization (HR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.34-2.46; P = .0002) and on-pump coronary artery bypass with complete revascularization (HR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.36-2.47; P < .0001).Conclusions
Off-pump coronary artery bypass is a safe and feasible option for diabetic patients with multivessel disease, reduces the incidence of early complications including postoperative cerebrovascular events, and provides excellent long-term survival similar to on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery in case of complete revascularization.
- Centre for Surgical Research