On disjointness properties of some parabolic flows

Adam Kanigowski, Mariusz Lemańczyk, Corinna Ulcigrai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The Ratner property, a quantitative form of divergence of nearby trajectories, is a central feature in the study of parabolic homogeneous flows. Discovered by Marina Ratner and used in her 1980th seminal works on horocycle flows, it pushed forward the disjointness theory of such systems. In this paper, exploiting a recent variation of the Ratner property, we prove new disjointness phenomena for smooth parabolic flows beyond the homogeneous world. In particular, we establish a general disjointness criterion based on the switchable Ratner property. We then apply this new criterion to study disjointness properties of smooth time changes of horocycle flows and smooth Arnol’d flows on T2, focusing in particular on disjointness of distinct flow rescalings. As a consequence, we answer a question by Marina Ratner on the Möbius orthogonality of time-changes of horocycle flows. In fact, we prove Möbius orthogonality for all smooth time-changes of horocycle flows and uniquely ergodic realizations of Arnol’d flows considered.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInventiones Mathematicae
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2020


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