On the design of a high-static-low-dynamic stiffness isolator using linear mechanical springs and magnets

A Carrella, MJ Brennan, TP Waters, K Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

236 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The frequency range over which a linear passive vibration isolator is effective is often limited by the mount stiffness required to support a static load. This can be improved upon by incorporating a negative stiffness element in the mount such that the dynamic stiffness is much less than the static stiffness. In this case, it can be referred to as a high-static–low-dynamic stiffness (HSLDS) mount. This paper is concerned with a theoretical and experimental study of one such mount. It comprises two vertical mechanical springs between which an isolated mass is mounted. At the outer edge of each spring, there is a permanent magnet. In the experimental work reported here, the isolated mass is also a magnet arranged so that it is attracted by the other magnets. Thus, the combination of magnets acts as a negative stiffness counteracting the positive stiffness provided by the mechanical springs. Although the HSLDS suspension system will inevitably be nonlinear, it is shown that for small oscillations the mount considered here is linear. The measured transmissibility is compared with a comparable linear mass–spring–damper system to show the advantages offered by the HSLDS mount.
Translated title of the contributionOn the design of a high-static-low-dynamic stiffness isolator using linear mechanical springs and magnets
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712 - 720
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Volume315 (3)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2008

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