On the finite index subgroups of Houghton's groups

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Abstract

Houghton's groups $H_2, H_3, \ldots$ have been studied in many contexts, and various results exist for their finite index subgroups. In this note we describe all of the finite index subgroups of each Houghton group, and their isomorphism types. Using the standard notation that $d(G)$ denotes the minimal size of generating set for $G$ we then show, for each $n\in \{2, 3,\ldots\}$ and $U$ of finite index in $H_n$, that $d(U)\in\{d(H_n), d(H_n)+1\}$ and characterise when each of these cases occurs.
Original language English Archiv der Mathematik Accepted/In press - 15 Jul 2021