A series of adducts were prepared based on the reaction of 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate and benzaldehyde in various stoichiometries (from equimolar reaction to benzaldehyde in 10-fold excess) and the resulting adducts were characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H, 13C, DEPT, and HQSC experiments). Differential scanning calorimetry was used to examine the initiating behaviour of the adducts towards mono- and di-functional epoxy resins and the data were used to determine kinetic parameters for the polymerization. The lower temperature peak, due to carbene formation, is sensitive to adduct concentration; the residual ionic liquid in the adduct mixture contributes towards the initiation of the curing reaction. When a monofunctional epoxy and the 1:1 adduct was subjected to a 2-week period of storage at room temperature and sub-zero temperatures in the freezer, the profiles of the thermograms for the frozen samples do not change considerably over the storage period and the formulation retains a light yellow colour (rather than the viscous, dark red appearance of the formulation stored at room temperature).
- Bristol Composites Institute ACCIS
- Epoxy resins
- Ionic liquids
- Latent cure