Optical buffering for chip multiprocessors: A 16GHz optical cache memory architecture

P. Maniotis, D. Fitsios, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrate a 16GHz physical layer optical cache memory architecture for direct mapping associativity, organized in four cache lines with every line being capable of storing two bytes of optical data. WDM formatting of both the memory address and the optical data words is exploited, while the proposed design relies on the interconnection of subsystems that comprise experimentally proven optical building blocks. The performance of the optical cache is evaluated via physical layer simulations showing successful functionality both during Read and Write operation. Going a step further and considering a higher capacity optical cache module, we present its impact when performing with true processor workload benchmarks in Chip Multiprocessor configurations, employed as a L1 cache shared among multiple cores. Its performance is compared with the conventional electronic CMP topology, where dedicated L1 electronic caches and a shared L2 cache are used, showing that the use of optical 16GHz cache can lead to performance speed-up up to 40% while reducing the cache total capacity requirements by 84%. With optical interconnects having already resulted to high-bandwidth CPU-memory bus solutions, our optical cache architecture forms a fully compatible system solution for bridging the gap between optically connected CPU-cache schemes and high-speed optical RAM cell solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6663619
Pages (from-to)4175-4191
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
Volume31
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Chip Multiprocessors
  • Optical buffering
  • Optical cache
  • Optical interconnection
  • Optical RAM
  • Optics in computing

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