Optical coherence tomography substudy of a prospective multicentre randomised post-market trial to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Firehawk cobalt-chromium coronary stent (rapamycin target-eluting) system for the treatment of atherosclerotic lesions: TARGET All Comers

Andreas Baumbach, Alexandra J Lansky, Yoshinobu Onuma, Taku Asano, Thomas Johnson, Richard Anderson, Ferdinand Kiemeneij, Ming Zheng, Niels Van Royen, Ton Slagboom, Georg Vlachojannis, Bo Xu, Patrick W Serruys, William Wijns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIMS: Durable polymer drug-eluting stents (DP-DES) may contribute to persistent inflammation, delayed endothelial healing and subsequent late DES thrombosis. The aim of this optical coherence tomography (OCT) substudy was to compare healing and neointimal coverage of a novel bioabsorbable polymer sirolimus-eluting stent (Firehawk®) (BP-DES) versus the DP-DES (XIENCE) at 90 days in an all-comers patient population.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The TARGET All Comers study is a prospective multicentre randomised post-market trial of 1,656 patients randomised 1:1 to Firehawk or XIENCE at 21 centres in 10 European countries. The TARGET OCT substudy enrolled 36 consecutive patients with 52 lesions at six centres proficient in OCT. Follow-up OCT was performed at three months or prior to revascularisation when occurring before the three-month window. The substudy was designed for non-inferiority of the primary endpoint of neointimal thickness. At follow-up, the mean neointimal thickness by OCT (52 lesions: Firehawk, n=24; XIENCE, n=28), was not significantly different between groups (Firehawk 75.5 μm vs. XIENCE V 82.3 μm) meeting the primary endpoint of non-inferiority (pnoninferiority<0.001). The percentage of stent strut coverage was high in both groups (strut level: 99.9±0.3% vs. 100±0.1%, p=0.26), and the proportion of malapposed struts (1.0±1.6% vs. 1.2±2.0%, p=0.51) was low in both groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Based on OCT, the Firehawk BP-DES has a similar healing response three months after implantation compared to the DP-DES, with near complete strut coverage, moderate neointima formation and minimal strut malapposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1128
Number of pages8
JournalEurointervention
Volume14
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2018

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Optical coherence tomography substudy of a prospective multicentre randomised post-market trial to assess the safety and effectiveness of the Firehawk cobalt-chromium coronary stent (rapamycin target-eluting) system for the treatment of atherosclerotic lesions: TARGET All Comers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this