Optimal planning and operation of multi-vector energy networks: A systematic review

Seyed Hamid Reza Hosseini*, Adib Allahham, Sara Louise Walker, Phil Taylor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides a systematic review of recent publications on simulation and analysis of integrated multi-vector energy networks (rather than energy hubs) and carries this out through the lens of energy trilemma. This review is essential for energy research community to move forward in effective manner toward 2050 net zero carbon targets. This paper presents a holistic view of state-of-the-art of research in this field and identifies gaps in knowledge which should be addressed by future research urgently. Furthermore, this paper introduces a taxonomy of energy networks analysis, offering a unified description of findings of relatively large number of publications devoted to the subject. Moreover, this work analyses and classifies current research trends in the field of analysis of energy networks integration, and also identifies future trends in this field. This review serves as a guide to researchers regarding the main findings of energy networks integration evaluated through the lens of energy trilemma. The reviewed papers have been classified into three groups: (i) Operational analysis; (ii) Optimal dispatch; and (iii) Optimal planning. The focus of the paper is energy networks, since they play fundamental role in integrated energy systems and there is a lack of understanding of interactions and interdependencies between multi-vector networks. Also, focus of this paper has been on key findings of published research rather than details of individual energy models. The paper provides useful insights for energy research community by presenting several novel ideas for future research and facilitating the path to a decarbonised economy, due to the fulfilled comprehensive systematic review.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110216
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work has been funded by EPSRC National Centre for Energy Systems Integration (CESI) (grant number: EP/P01173/1 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Integrated multi-vector energy networks
  • Operational analysis
  • Optimal dispatch
  • Optimal planning
  • Systematic review


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