Optimal Transport-based Graph Matching for 3D retinal OCT image registration

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Registration of longitudinal optical coherence tomography (OCT) images assists disease monitoring and is essential in image fusion applications. Mouse retinal OCT images are often collected for longitudinal study of eye disease models such as uveitis, but their quality is often poor compared with human imaging. This paper presents a novel but efficient framework involving an optimal transport based graph matching (OT-GM) method for 3D mouse OCT image registration. We first perform registration of fundus-like images obtained by projecting all b-scans of a volume on a plane orthogonal to them, hereafter referred to as the x-y plane. We introduce Adaptive Weighted Vessel Graph Descriptors (AWVGD) and 3D Cube Descriptors (CD) to identify the correspondence between nodes of graphs extracted from segmented vessels within the OCT projection images. The AWVGD comprises scaling, translation and rotation, which are computationally efficient, whereas CD exploits 3D spatial and frequency domain information. The OT-GM method subsequently performs the correct alignment in the x-y plane. Finally, registration along the direction orthogonal to the x-y plane (the z-direction) is guided by the segmentation of two important anatomical features peculiar to mouse b-scans, the Internal Limiting Membrane (ILM) and the hyaloid remnant (HR). Both subjective and objective evaluation results demonstrate that our framework outperforms other well-established methods on mouse OCT images within a reasonable execution time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-6654-9620-9
ISBN (Print)978-1-6654-9621-6
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Image Processing
ISSN (Print)1522-4880
ISSN (Electronic)2381-8549

Bibliographical note

2022 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)


  • cs.CV
  • eess.IV


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