Oral health behaviour and lifestyle factors among overweight young adults in Europe: a cross-sectional questionnaire study

annamari nihtila, Nicola West, Adrian Lussi, P Bouchard, Livia Ottolenghi, Egita Senekola, Juan Carlos Llodra, Stéphane Viennot, Denis Bourgeois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Being overweight is a risk factor for many chronic diseases including oral diseases. Our aim was to study the associations between oral health behavior, lifestyle factors and being overweight among young European adults, 2011–2012. The subjects constituted a representative sample of adult population aged 18–35 years from eight European countries participating in the Escarcel study. The participants completed a self-administered questionnaire on dietary habits, oral health behavior, smoking, exercise, height, and weight. Overweight was defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2 using the World Health Organization criteria. Mean BMI was 23.2 (SD 3.48) and 24.3% of the study population were overweight. Those who were overweight drank more soft drinks (p = 0.005) and energy drinks (p = 0.006) compared with those who were non-overweight. Brushing once a day (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.3-2.0), emergency treatment as the reason for last dental visit (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.3–1.9) and having seven or more eating or drinking occasions daily (OR 1.4; 95% CI 1.1–1.7) were statistically significantly associated with overweight. Associations were found between oral health behavior, lifestyle and overweight. A greater awareness of the detrimental lifestyle factors including inadequate oral health habits among overweight young adults is important for all healthcare providers, including oral health care professionals.
Original languageEnglish
Article number21
Number of pages10
JournalHealthcare
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • overweight
  • young adults
  • oral health behavior
  • soft drinks
  • energy drinks
  • dietary advice
  • physical exercise

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