Community structure in networks is often a consequence of homophily, or assortative mixing, based on some attribute of the vertices. For example, researchers may be grouped into communities corresponding to their research topic. This is possible if vertex attributes have unordered discrete values, but many networks exhibit assortative mixing by some ordered (discrete or continuous) attribute, such as age or geographical location. In such cases, the identification of discrete communities may be difficult or impossible. We consider how the notion of community structure can be generalized to networks that have assortative mixing by ordered attributes. We propose a method of generating synthetic networks with ordered communities and investigate the effect of ordered community structure on the spread of infectious diseases. We also show that current community detection algorithms fail to recover community structure in ordered networks, and evaluate an alternative method using a layout algorithm to recover the ordering.
|Translated title of the contribution||Ordered community structure in networks|
|Pages (from-to)||2752 - 2763|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2012|