Organic Geochemical and Biological Marker Characterization of Source Rocks and Oils Derived from Lacustrine Environments in the Brazilian Continental Margin: Chapter 5

MR Mello, JR Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geochemical studies, together with paleogeographical and geological evidence, suggest that most of the organic-rich Neocomian to Aptian rift-stage succession in the Brazilian continental margin was deposited in lacustrine environments. It is possible to differentiate two lacustrine systems responsible for about 85% of Brazilian oil discovered to date--a relatively large, deep, fresh-water type of basin, ranging in age from early Neocomian to Aptian, and a shallow lower to upper Neocomian saline system. Fresh-water systems are characterized by thick beds of dark-gray to black shale (TOC <6%). In the oils and source rocks abundant high molecular-weight n-alkanes, low S and V/Ni values, low ^dgr13C values, high Pr/Ph ratios, absence of dinosterane and C30 desmethyl steranes, and low concentrations of steranes and porphyrins characterize the fresh-water depositional environment. Saline systems are composed of thick beds of calcareous black shales (TOC up to 9%). The oils and rocks, in addition to showing diagnostic evidence of a nonmarine environment, are characterized by features typical of deposition under saline conditions. These include higher V/Ni ratios, presence of ß-carotane, high concentration of C30^agrß-hopane, moderately abundant gammacerane, Ts/Tm < 1, and high ^dgr13C values. Geochemical studies, together with paleogeographical and geological evidence, suggest that most of the organic-rich Neocomian to Aptian rift-stage succession in the Brazilian continental margin was deposited in lacustrine environments. It is possible to differentiate two lacustrine systems responsible for about 85% of Brazilian oil discovered to date--a relatively large, deep, fresh-water type of basin, ranging in age from early Neocomian to Aptian, and a shallow lower to upper Neocomian saline system. Fresh-water systems are characterized by thick beds of dark-gray to black shale (TOC <6%). In the oils and source rocks abundant high molecular-weight n-alkanes, low S and V/Ni values, low ^dgr13C values, high Pr/Ph ratios, absence of dinosterane and C30 desmethyl steranes, and low concentrations of steranes and porphyrins characterize the fresh-water depositional environment. Saline systems are composed of thick beds of calcareous black shales (TOC up to 9%). The oils and rocks, in addition to showing diagnostic evidence of a nonmarine environment, are characterized by features typical of deposition under saline conditions. These include higher V/Ni ratios, presence of ß-carotane, high concentration of C30^agrß-hopane, moderately abundant gammacerane, Ts/Tm < 1, and high ^dgr13C values.
Translated title of the contributionOrganic geochemical and biological marker characterization of source rocks and oils derived from lacustrine environments in the Brazilian continental margin
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-99
Number of pages22
JournalAAPG Memoir
Volume50
Issue numberLacustrine Basin Exploration: Case Studies and Modern Analogs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

Bibliographical note

Other: # Editors: Katz, BJ & Rosendahl, B

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