Orientation sensitivity in human visual motion processing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Orientation tuning of receptive fields is well documented in the spatial domain, but considerable variability exists amongst published estimates of orientation sensitivity of motion receptive fields. We used a two-frame motion sequence, in which one frame was binary noise and the other was a horizontally displaced and filtered version of the same noise field, to examine the orientation sensitivity of human motion mechanisms. Initially, orientations orthogonal to the direction of motion were removed from each filtered frame. Observers indicated perceived direction of motion in a single interval, binary choice task. Dmax was determined for different amounts of removed orientations, and found to remain constant across the removal of energy up to approximately ±60 deg from vertical. In a second experiment, the orientations removed were now parallel to the direction of motion of the stimulus. Dmax fell as a cosine function with increasing removal of orientation information, in agreement with off-orientation looking or matched filtering predictions. The two experiments show the presence of mechanisms both broadly tuned and more narrowly tuned for orientation. A control experiment introduced an interstimulus interval between the two frames of our motion sequence. Performance on the direction discrimination task was severely degraded, indicating that the original results are not explicable in terms of a feature-tracking or long-range motion process. The presence of both broadly and narrowly tuned mechanisms implies multiple possible solutions to the processing of coherent plaid motion.
Translated title of the contributionOrientation sensitivity in human visual motion processing
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)613 - 620
Number of pages8
JournalVision Research
Volume42
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2002

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Elsevier

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