Original Investigation Pharmacogenetic Smoking Cessation Intervention in a Health Care Setting: A Pilot Feasibility Study

Jennifer B McClure, Gary E Swan, Jackie St John, Randy Fauver, Harold S Javitz, Andrew W Bergen, Denise Nishita, Raymond Niaura, Marcus R Munafò, Sean P David

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that response to pharmacological treatment for nicotine dependence may be moderated by genetic polymorphisms. However, the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of genetically tailoring treatment in real-world clinical settings are unknown. METHODS: We conducted a multiphased, mixed-methods feasibility study with current smokers to develop and evaluate a patient-centered, theoretically grounded personalized medicine treatment protocol. The initial research phase included formative work to develop intervention materials. The second phase included a randomized pilot trial to evaluate the intervention. Trial participants (n = 36) were genotyped for ANKK1 rs1800497 and were randomized to receive genetic feedback (GF) plus standard behavioral counseling (BC) for smoking cessation or BC without GF. All participants received genetically tailored pharmacotherapy (nicotine patch or bupropion). RESULTS: The intervention was feasible to implement and was acceptable to participants based on satisfaction ratings and objective measures of participation. There was no evidence that the GF resulted in adverse psychological outcomes (e.g., depression, fatalism, reduced perceived control over quitting, differential motivation for quitting) based on quantitative or qualitative outcomes.Conclusions:Study results suggest that it is feasible to offer treatment within a health care setting that includes genetically tailored pharmacotherapy and doing so had no apparent adverse psychological impacts. Further evaluation of pharmacogenetically tailored smoking cessation interventions appears warranted.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Issue number2
Early online date4 Sept 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Structured keywords

  • Brain and Behaviour
  • Tobacco and Alcohol


Dive into the research topics of 'Original Investigation Pharmacogenetic Smoking Cessation Intervention in a Health Care Setting: A Pilot Feasibility Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this