Outcome reporting in randomized trials for shoulder disorders: literature review to inform the development of a core outcome set

Matthew Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Joel J Gagnier, Rachelle Buchbinder

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review (Academic Journal)peer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
298 Downloads (Pure)


To explore the outcome domains and measurement instruments reported across randomized trials of any interventions for various shoulder disorders.

We searched for shoulder trials included in Cochrane reviews published up to Issue 10, 2015, or indexed in PubMed between 2006 and 2015. Trials were eligible for inclusion if they focused on any intervention for rotator cuff disease, adhesive capsulitis, shoulder instability, glenohumeral or acromioclavicular osteoarthritis, shoulder dislocation, proximal humeral or humeral head fractures, or unspecified shoulder pain. Two authors independently selected trials for inclusion and extracted information on the domains and measurement instruments reported, with consensus discussion among all authors where required.

We included 409 trials, published between 1954 and 2015. Across the trials, we identified 319 different instruments that were classified into 32 domains. Most trials reported a measure of pain (90%), range of motion (78%), and physical function (71%). Measurement of adverse events was reported in only 31% of trials. Muscle strength was reported in 44% of trials and imaging outcomes were reported in 21% of trials. Other patient-reported outcome measures such as global assessment of treatment success, health-related quality of life, work ability, and psychological functioning, were each reported in 15% or fewer trials. Most domains were reported at a similar frequency across different shoulder disorders.

There was wide diversity in the domains and measurement instruments reported. Our results provide the foundation for the development of a core outcome set for use in future trials across all shoulder disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-259
Number of pages8
JournalArthritis Care and Research
Issue number2
Early online date22 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'Outcome reporting in randomized trials for shoulder disorders: literature review to inform the development of a core outcome set'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this