Parametric finite element analysis of punching shear behaviour of RC slabs reinforced with bolts

M. Navarro, S. Ivorra*, F. B. Varona

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Reinforced concrete slabs are an essential part of high-rise structures and are designed to withstand the loads to which they are subjected. However, concrete slabs may fail due to punching shear, which is one of the greatest risks they face. This type of failure, hard to predict, befalls almost instantaneously and may lead to catastrophic consequences. In this paper, ABAQUS is used to analyse a series of non-linear numerical models to simulate the punching shear effect on reinforced bolt-retrofitted concrete flat slabs whose bolts are arranged in three different positions around the support. To start with, an initial calibration of a finite element model was carried out with experimental results reported by Adetifa and Polak. Next, a parametric analysis was performed to determine the influence of the retrofitting geometrical parameters. For this purpose, over two hundred models were created with the help of an automation algorithm programmed in Python. Our parametric study shows that a shear-bolt radial layout may be most adequate for retrofitting slab-to-column connections in which the phenomenon of punching shear is likely to occur. Moreover, the distance between the first pair of bolts and the column's face is recommended to be approximately five times the diameter of the shear bolts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106147
JournalComputers and Structures
Early online date19 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020


  • Finite element analysis
  • Flat slab
  • Nonlinearity
  • Parametric study
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Shear bolts
  • Structural analysis automatization
  • Structural retrofit


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