Parental mental illness and eating disorders in offspring

H. Bould, I. Koupil, C. Dalman, B. Destavola, G. Lewis, C. Magnusson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To investigate which parental mental illnesses are associated with eating disorders in their offspring. Method We used data from a record‐linkage cohort study of 158,679 children aged 12–24 years at the end of follow‐up, resident in Stockholm County from 2001 to 2007, to investigate whether different parental mental illnesses are risk factors for eating disorders in their offspring. The outcome measure was diagnosis of any eating disorder, either from an ICD or DSM‐IV code, or inferred from an appointment at a specialist eating disorder clinic. Results Mental illness in parents is a risk factor for eating disorders in female offspring (Adjusted Hazard Ratio (AHR) 1.57 (95% CI 1.42, 1.92), p < 0.0001). Risk of eating disorders is increased if there is a parental diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder (AHR 2.28 (95% CI 1.39, 3.72), p = 0.004), personality disorder (AHR 1.57 (95% CI 1.01, 2.44), p = 0.043) or anxiety/depression (AHR 1.57 (95% CI 1.32, 1.86), p < 0.0001). There is a lack of statistical evidence for an association with parental schizophrenia (AHR 1.41 (95% CI 0.96, 2.07), p = 0.08), and somatoform disorder (AHR 1.25 (95% CI 0.74, 2.13), p = 0.40). There is no support for a relationship between parental substance misuse and eating disorders in children (AHR 1.08 (95% CI 0.82, 1.43), p = 0.57). Discussion Parental mental illness, specifically parental anxiety, depression, bipolar affective disorder, and personality disorders, are risk factors for eating disorders in their offspring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-391
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Parental mental illness and eating disorders in offspring'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this