Parental suicide attempt and offspring educational attainment during adolescence in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort

Galit Geulayov, Chris Metcalfe, David Gunnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
416 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: Few studies have investigated the impact of parental suicide attempt (SA) on offspring outcomes other than mental health. We investigated the association of parental SA with offspring educational attainment in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC).

Method: Parental SA was prospectively recorded from pregnancy until the study children were 11 years old. National school test results (ages 11-16 years) were obtained by record linkage. Multilevel regression models quantified the association between parental SA and offspring outcomes.

Results: Data were available for 6,667 mother-child and 3,054 father-child pairs. Adolescents whose mothers had attempted suicide were less likely than their peers to achieve the expected educational level by age 14 years [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.41-0.95] in models controlling for relevant confounders, including parental education and depression. At age 16, adolescents whose mothers had attempted suicide were less likely to obtain the expected educational level (≥5 qualifications at grade A*-C) (aOR 0.66, 95% CI 0.43-1.00) in models controlling for relevant confounders and parental education; but after additionally controlling for maternal depression the results were consistent with chance (aOR 0.74, 95% CI 0.48-1.13). Findings in relation to paternal suicide attempt were consistent with those of maternal suicide attempt but power was limited due to lower response rate amongst fathers.

Conclusions: Maternal SA was associated with diminished educational performance at age 14 years. Educational attainment during adolescence can have substantial effect on future opportunities and well-being and these offspring may benefit from interventions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2097-2107
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Medicine
Volume46
Issue number10
Early online date11 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

Keywords

  • Parental self-harm
  • longitudinal study
  • birth cohort
  • ALSPAC

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Parental suicide attempt and offspring educational attainment during adolescence in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this