Parenteral drug administration

Jasmeet Soar, Jon Standing

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

    Abstract

    Introduction. Parenteral drug administration refers to drugs given by routes other than the digestive tract. The term parenteral is usually used for drugs given by injection or infusion. The enteral route usually refers to taking drugs by mouth. The common parenteral routes are listed in Table 7.1. In the USA the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) lists over 100 routes of drug administration (www.fda.gov/cder/dsm/). Most hospital patients receive parenteral drugs at some time during their stay. Parenteral drug use is also increasingly common in the community setting (O'Hanlon, 2008). The intravenous (IV) route is associated with errors in several stages of the medication process (prescribing, preparing and administration) and this route has been associated with a higher number of errors than any other route (Hunt & Rapp, 1996; Cousins et al., 2005). In one hospital ward study, there was at least one error made during preparation and administration in 212 (49%) out of 430 intravenous drug doses (Taxis & Barber, 2003). It is therefore important to only give drugs parenterally if it is not possible to use the simpler oral route – it is essential that the medication prescription is reviewed regularly and drug treatments changed to the safer oral route at the earliest opportunity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationMedication Safety
    Subtitle of host publicationAn Essential Guide
    PublisherCambridge University Press
    Pages97-112
    Number of pages16
    ISBN (Electronic)9780511642272
    ISBN (Print)9780521721639
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © M. Courtenay and M. Grifths 2010 and Cambridge University Press, 2010.

    Copyright:
    Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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