Participation of opioid receptors in the cytoprotective effect of chronic normobaric hypoxia

Natalia V. Naryzhnaya, Igor Khaliulin, Yury B. Lishmanov, M-Saadeh Suleiman, Sergey Tsibulnikov, Frantisek Kolar, Leonid N. Maslov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

We studied the role of the delta, micro, and kappa opioid receptor (OR) subtypes in the cardioprotective effect of chronic continuous normobaric hypoxia (CNH) in the model of acute anoxia-reoxygenation of isolated cardiomyocytes. Adaptation of rats to CNH was performed by their exposure to atmosphere containing 12% of O(2) for 21 days. Anoxia-reoxygenation of cardiomyocytes isolated from normoxic control rats caused the death of 51 % of cells and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Adaptation of rats to CNH resulted in the anoxia/reoxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte death of only 38 %, and reduced the LDH release by 25 %. Pre-incubation of the cells with either the non-selective OR (opioid receptor) blocker naloxone (300 nM/l), the delta OR antagonist TIPP(psi) (30 nM/l), the selective delta(2) OR antagonist naltriben (1 nM/l) or the micro OR antagonist CTAP (100 nM/l) for 25 minutes before anoxia abolished the reduction of cell death and LDH release afforded by CNH. The antagonist of delta(1) OR BNTX (1 nM/l) or the kappa OR antagonist nor-binaltorphimine (3 nM/l) did not influence the cytoprotective effects of CNH. Taken together, the cytoprotective effect of CNH is associated with the activation of the delta(2) and micro OR localized on cardiomyocytes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-253
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiological Research
Volume68
Issue number2
Early online date10 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • cardiomyocytes
  • chronic hypoxia
  • anoxia/reoxygenation
  • opioid receptors

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