We studied the role of the delta, micro, and kappa opioid receptor (OR) subtypes in the cardioprotective effect of chronic continuous normobaric hypoxia (CNH) in the model of acute anoxia-reoxygenation of isolated cardiomyocytes. Adaptation of rats to CNH was performed by their exposure to atmosphere containing 12% of O(2) for 21 days. Anoxia-reoxygenation of cardiomyocytes isolated from normoxic control rats caused the death of 51 % of cells and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release. Adaptation of rats to CNH resulted in the anoxia/reoxygenation-induced cardiomyocyte death of only 38 %, and reduced the LDH release by 25 %. Pre-incubation of the cells with either the non-selective OR (opioid receptor) blocker naloxone (300 nM/l), the delta OR antagonist TIPP(psi) (30 nM/l), the selective delta(2) OR antagonist naltriben (1 nM/l) or the micro OR antagonist CTAP (100 nM/l) for 25 minutes before anoxia abolished the reduction of cell death and LDH release afforded by CNH. The antagonist of delta(1) OR BNTX (1 nM/l) or the kappa OR antagonist nor-binaltorphimine (3 nM/l) did not influence the cytoprotective effects of CNH. Taken together, the cytoprotective effect of CNH is associated with the activation of the delta(2) and micro OR localized on cardiomyocytes.
- chronic hypoxia
- opioid receptors