Projects per year
Methods: In the Pregnancy And Childhood Epigenetics (PACE) consortium, we conducted a meta-analysis of co-ordinated epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS) of paternal prenatal Body Mass Index (BMI) (with and without adjustment for maternal BMI) in relation to DNA methylation in offspring blood at birth (13 datasets; total n= 4,894) and in childhood (six datasets; total n = 1,982).
Results: We found little evidence of association at either time point: for all CpGs, the False Discovery Rate-adjusted P-values were >0.05. In secondary sex-stratified analyses, we found just four CpGs where there was robust evidence of association in female offspring. To compare our findings to those of other studies, we conducted a systematic review, which identified seven studies, including five candidate gene studies showing associations between paternal BMI/obesity and offspring or sperm DNA methylation at imprinted regions. However, in our own study, we found very little evidence of enrichment for imprinted genes.
Conclusion: Our findings do not support the hypothesis that paternal BMI around the time of pregnancy is associated with offspring blood DNA methylation, even at imprinted regions.
|Journal||International Journal of Epidemiology|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 19 Nov 2020|
- body mass index
- DNA methylation
3/06/19 → 30/09/22
Gaunt, L. F. & Davey Smith, G.
1/04/18 → 31/03/23