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Paternal impact on the life course development of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the offspring

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1802-1810
Number of pages9
Issue number10
Early online date27 Aug 2019
DateAccepted/In press - 8 May 2019
DateE-pub ahead of print - 27 Aug 2019
DatePublished (current) - 1 Oct 2019


The aetiologies of obesity and type 2 diabetes are incredibly complex, but the potential role of paternal influences remains relatively understudied. A better understanding of paternal influences on offspring risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes could have profound implications for public health, clinical practice and society. In this review, we outline potential biological and social mechanisms through which fathers might exert an impact on the health of their offspring. We also present a systematically compiled overview of the current evidence linking paternal factors to offspring development of obesity and type 2 diabetes throughout the life course. Although evidence is accumulating to support paternal associations with offspring outcomes, more high-quality research is needed to overcome specific methodological challenges and provide stronger causal evidence.

    Research areas

  • developmental origins of health and disease, epigenetics, fathers, life course development, obesity, paternal effects, review, type 2 diabetes

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Springer Nature at . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 1.54 MB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY


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