Skip to content

Patients’ experiences of life after bariatric surgery and follow-up care: A qualitative study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number2
DateSubmitted - 15 Oct 2019
DateAccepted/In press - 2 Jan 2020
DatePublished (current) - 6 Feb 2020


Objectives: Bariatric surgery is the most clinically effective treatment for people with severe and complex obesity, however, the psychosocial outcomes are less clear. Follow-up care after bariatric surgery is known to be important, but limited guidance exists on what this should entail, particularly related to psychological and social well-being. Patients’ perspectives are valuable to inform the design of follow-up care. This study investigated patients’ experiences of life after bariatric surgery including important aspects of follow-up care, in the long-term.

Design: A qualitative study using semi-structured individual interviews. A constant comparative approach was used to code data and identify themes and overarching concepts.

Setting: Bariatric surgery units of two publicly funded hospitals in the South of England.

Participants: Seventeen adults (10 women) that underwent a primary operation for obesity (mean time since surgery 3.11 years, range 4 months-9 years), including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, adjustable gastric band and sleeve gastrectomy, agreed to participate in the interviews.

Results: Experiences of adapting to life following surgery were characterised by the concepts of ‘normality’ and ‘ambivalence’, while experiences of ‘abandonment’ and ‘isolation’ dominated participants’ experiences of follow-up care. Patients highlighted the need for more flexible, longer-term follow-up care that addresses social and psychological difficulties post-surgery and integrates peer support.

Conclusions: This research highlights unmet patient need for more accessible and holistic follow-up care that addresses the long-term multi-dimensional impact of bariatric surgery. Future research should investigate effective and acceptable follow-up care packages for patients undergoing bariatric surgery.

    Research areas

  • adult surgery, qualitative research, organisation of health services, quality in health care

Download statistics

No data available



  • Full-text PDF (final published version)

    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via BMJ Publishing Group at . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Final published version, 368 KB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY


View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups