We report sub-diffraction limited patterning of Si substrate surfaces by laser-initiated liquid-assisted colloidal lithography. The technique involves exposing a two-dimensional lattice of transparent colloidal particles spin coated on the substrate of interest (here Si) immersed in a liquid (e.g. methanol, acetone, carbon tetrachloride, toluene) to a single picosecond pulse of ultraviolet laser radiation. Surface patterns formed using colloidal particles with different radii in the range 195 nm ≤ R ≤ 1.5 μm and liquids with differing indices of refraction (n liquid) are demonstrated, the detailed topographies of which are sensitively dependent upon whether the index of refraction of the colloidal particle (n colloid) is greater or smaller than n liquid (i.e. upon whether the incident light converges or diverges upon interaction with the particle). The spatial intensity modulation formed by diffraction of the single laser pulse by the colloidal particles is imprinted into the Si substrate.
- diffraction of the laser beam on the colloidal particles
- laser-initiated liquid-assisted colloidal lithography
- Si patterning