Under optimised conditions, the Trost modular ligand (TML) series induces high levels of asymmetric induction in an extraordinarily wide range of reactions involving palladium π-allyl intermediates. Prior mechanistic investigations into reactions involving Pd-η3-C6H9 intermediates have focussed on the monomeric 13-membered ring formed via P,P-chelation of the ligand to Pd. However, it is also recognised that ring-opening oligomerisation provides a pool of high nuclearity Pd-η3-C6H9 species that, by affording a low level, or even the opposite sense, of asymmetric induction relative to the mononuclear species, are responsible for a reduction in selectivity under non-optimised conditions. Herein we describe an investigation by NMR spectroscopy, molecular mechanics, molecular dynamics, and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), of a Pd-η3-C6H9 cation bearing the 1,2-diaminocyclohexane TML ligand (2). Using both nondeuterated and perdeuterated (D47) isotopologues of the resulting complexes, we show that a two-stage oligomerisation-aggregation process forms self assembled cylindrical aggregates of very high nuclearity (up to 56 Pd centres). We also investigate how concentration, solvent and counter-anion all modulate the extent of oligomerisation.
- BCS and TECS CDTs