Per-subcarrier antenna selection with power constraints in OFDM systems

Magnus Sandell, Justin P. Coon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


In an OFDM system, antenna selection can be performed on a per-subcarrier basis, which can exploit the frequency selectivity of the channel. However, this may cause power imbalance across the antennas, which may lead to problems with the power amplifiers (PA). To avoid this problem, we devise a scheme that allocates the same number of subcarriers to all antennas, while still offering substantial diversity gains. This is achieved by using integer optimization and we show that this is solvable by linear relaxation, which results in a reduced complexity. The constrained antenna selection is analyzed and it is shown that choosing the cost function as BER offers better diversity gains than using SNR. Simulations with a nonlinear PA show that the integer optimization scheme performs better than unconstrained antenna selection and a previously published ad hoc method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-677
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009


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