Perceived entitativity, stereotype formation and the interchangeability of group members

MT Crawford, SJ Sherman, DL Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

The authors investigated the effects of perceived entitativity of a group on the processing of behavioral information about individual group members and the extent to which such information was transferred to other group members. The results of 3 experiments using a savings-in-relearning paradigm showed that trait inferences about a group member, based on that member's behavior, were stronger for low entitative groups and for collections of individuals. However, the transference of traits from 1 group member to other members of the group was stronger for high entitative groups. These results provide strong evidence that the perception of high entitativity involves the abstraction of a stereotype of the group and the transfer of that stereotype across all group members. Implications for group impression formation and stereotyping are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)
Translated title of the contributionPerceived entitativity, stereotype formation and the interchangeability of group members
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1076 - 1094
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume83 (5)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002

Bibliographical note

Publisher: American Psychological Association

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