Performance and optimisation of gas turbines with real gas effects

A Guha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The influence of various levels of mathematical modelling on gas turbine performance is systematically analysed. It is shown that internal combustion with real gas effects gives rise to an optimum turbine entry temperature which does not arise in a perfect gas analysis and has not been described previously in the literature. At any pressure ratio, the maximum possible efficiency with real gas effects is significantly lower (15-20 per cent) than the maximum possible value predicted by a perfect gas analysis. An explicit equation has been derived for determining the optimum pressure ratio as a function of turbine entry temperature and component efficiencies. It is shown that the optimum design depends very strongly on turbine and compressor efficiencies. It is demonstrated that the optimum relation between pressure ratio and turbine entry temperature depends strongly on whether the optimization is carried out at fixed pressure ratios or at fixed temperatures. All previous references seem to have considered only the latter method.
Translated title of the contributionPerformance and optimisation of gas turbines with real gas effects
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507 - 512
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy
VolumeVol.215, No.A4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Institution of Mechanical Engineering

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