Permanent Scatterers in Repeat-pass Airborne VHF Radar Sounder for Layer Velocity Estimation

Davide Castelletti, Dustin Schroeder, Thomas M Jordan, Duncan A. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Englacial layer velocity can provide insights on the vertical-velocity structure of the ice sheets. We present a repeat-pass interferometric approach that allows the estimation of the vertical englacial layer velocity using the radar sounder data. In contrast to the ground-based sensors, the airborne radar sounder data can potentially be used to estimate the layer velocity on a continental scale. When merged with the horizontal surface velocity and the numerical models, layer velocity can support the 3-D analysis of the ice flow and structure. Our aim is to provide the proof-of-concept demonstration that, similar to the side-looking synthetic aperture radar for imaging, the airborne radar sounder data can be used to estimate the subwavelength displacement of the englacial radio-stratigraphic layers. To achieve this, we use the phase and magnitude acquired repeatedly over the same region of interest. After the extraction of the crossing points, two acquisitions are finely registered. Then, we compute the interferometric phase for the englacial layers (which are shown to behave as PSs in the nadir sounding geometry), to estimate a vertical displacement and a velocity profile. We present the results over East Antarctica using data from the high-capability radar sounder (HiCARS) system. We show two scenarios that demonstrate the feasibility, limitations, and requirements of this approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
JournalIEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters
Early online date17 Jul 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Jul 2020


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