Personality and smoking status: A meta-analysis

MR Munafo, JI Zetteler, TG Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)


We used meta-analytic techniques in an attempt to clarify the strength and direction of the association between smoking status and personality, which narrative reviews have indicated remains a largely inconsistent literature. Included were cross-sectional studies that reported personality data for healthy, adult smokers and nonsmokers using measures of personality traits derived from Eysenck’s tripartite taxonomy of human personality. Of the 25 studies that contributed to the meta-analysis, 22 reported data on smoking status and extraversion and 22 reported data on smoking status and neuroticism. Meta-analysis using a fixed-effects framework indicated a significant difference between smokers and nonsmokers on both extraversion (p
Translated title of the contributionPersonality and smoking status: A meta-analysis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405 - 413
Number of pages9
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Informa Healthcare

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