We study the condensation of a homogeneous interacting Bose gas in the presence of a superimposed weak periodic potential. In contrast to, e.g., a harmonic trap, the periodic potential does not reduce the significance of long-wavelength fluctuations and thus influences the phase transition in a more profound way. We present general thermodynamic descriptions of the system above condensation in terms of mean-field as well as renormalization-group theory. Our approaches are based on describing the interplay between the effects of the interactions and the potential by means of a renormalization of the potential amplitude. These theories are then used to study the critical chemical potential and particle density and their dependence on the properties of the applied potential. A main result of our investigations concerns the characteristic nonperturbative momentum scale k_c of the critical interacting Bose gas. It is shown that the existence of this momentum scale becomes macroscopically manifest in the behavior of the critical thermodynamic properties.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Phase transition of interacting Bose gases in weak periodic potentials
|Article n. 052643
|Number of pages
|Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
|Published - Nov 2006