Phenotypic expression of ADAMTS13 in glomerular endothelial cells

R Tati, AC Kristoffersson, AL Stahl, M Morgelin, D Motto, SC Satchell, PW Mathieson, M Manea-Hedstrom, D Karpman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Background

ADAMTS13 is the physiological von Willebrand factor (VWF)-cleaving protease. The aim of this study was to examine ADAMTS13 expression in kidneys from ADAMTS13 wild-type (Adamts13+/+) and deficient (Adamts13−/−) mice and to investigate the expression pattern and bioactivity in human glomerular endothelial cells.

Methodology/Principal Findings

Immunohistochemistry was performed on kidney sections from ADAMTS13 wild-type and ADAMTS13-deficient mice. Phenotypic differences were examined by ultramorphology. ADAMTS13 expression in human glomerular endothelial cells and dermal microvascular endothelial cells was investigated by real-time PCR, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. VWF cleavage was demonstrated by multimer structure analysis and immunoblotting. ADAMTS13 was demonstrated in glomerular endothelial cells in Adamts13+/+ mice but no staining was visible in tissue from Adamts13−/− mice. Thickening of glomerular capillaries with platelet deposition on the vessel wall was detected in Adamts13−/− mice. ADAMTS13 mRNA and protein were detected in both human endothelial cells and the protease was secreted. ADAMTS13 activity was demonstrated in glomerular endothelial cells as cleavage of VWF.

Conclusions/Significance

Glomerular endothelial cells express and secrete ADAMTS13. The proteolytic activity could have a protective effect preventing deposition of platelets along capillary lumina under the conditions of high shear stress present in glomerular capillaries.
Translated title of the contributionPhenotypic expression of ADAMTS13 in glomerular endothelial cells
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere21587
Number of pages11
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume6
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2011

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