Phonology contributes to writing: evidence from a masked priming task

Qingqing Qu*, Markus F. Damian, Xingshan Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
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Is written word production affected by phonological properties of target words? We report three experiments using masked priming to investigate this issue. Chinese was chosen as the target script because sound and spelling can be largely dissociated. Participants wrote down names of objects, and latencies were measured on a graphic tablet. Objects were preceded by masked prime words which were either phonologically and orthographically related (PO) to the picture name, phonologically related but orthographically unrelated (P), or unrelated. Priming effects were found for both types of related primes with prime exposure durations of 58 ms (Experiment 1) and 33 ms (Experiment 2), with PO priming larger than P priming. Priming disappeared in Experiment 3 when a manual semantic judgment was required instead of written naming, suggesting that facilitation in the earlier experiments originated at the orthographic output level. These findings strengthen the existing evidence for the involvement of phonology in written word production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-264
Number of pages15
JournalLanguage, Cognition and Neuroscience
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2015

Structured keywords

  • Language
  • Cognitive Science


  • Chinese
  • Handwriting
  • masked priming paradigm
  • orthography
  • written production


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