Physical Activity and Pediatric Obesity: A Quantile Regression Analysis

Jonathan Mitchell, Marsha Dowda, Russell R Pate, Katarzyna Kordas, K Froberg, Luis B Sardinha, Elin Kolle, Angie Page

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
301 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to determine if moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were independently associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in children and adolescents. Methods: Data from the International Accelerometry Database (ICAD) were used to address our objectives (N=11,115; 6-18y; 51% female). We calculated age and gender specific body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) Z-scores and used accelerometry to estimate MVPA and total SB. Self-reported television viewing was used as a measure of leisure time SB. Quantile regression was the used to analyze the data. Results: MVPA and total SB were associated with lower and higher BMI and WC Z-scores, respectively. These associations were strongest at the higher percentiles of the Z-score distributions. After including MVPA and total SB in the same model the MVPA associations remained, but the SB associations were no longer present. For example, each additional hour per day of MVPA was not associated BMI Z-score at the 10th percentile (b=-0.02, P=0.170), but was associated with lower BMI Z-score at the 50th (b=-0.19, P<0.001) and 90th percentiles (b=-0.41, P<0.001). More television viewing was associated with higher BMI and WC and the associations were strongest at the higher percentiles of the Z-score distributions, with adjustment for MVPA and total SB. Conclusions: Our observation of stronger associations at the higher percentiles indicate that increasing MVPA and decreasing television viewing at the population-level could shift the upper tails of the BMI and WC frequency distributions to lower values, thereby lowering the number of children and adolescents classified as obese.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-473
Number of pages8
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

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